Now showing 1 - 4 of 4
  • Publication
    ON-LINE PROFESSIONAL TRAINING FOR WORKERS WITH THE MOODLE SYSTEM TO IMPROVE PROFESSIONAL SKILLS IN GREEN CONSTRUCTIONS
    (2019) ; ; ;
    Nedka Atanasova
    ;
    Tsanko Karadzhov
    On the global agenda, environmental issues are becoming ever more pressing every moment. At present, it is not enough for individual countries to tackle global climate issues on their own. The time has come for a joint effort to mitigate climate change. The Paris Agreement is an agreement within the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, dealing with greenhouse-gas-emissions mitigation, adaptation, and finance, starting in the year 2020. The Paris Agreement's long-term goal is to keep the increase in global average temperature to well below 2 °C above pre-industrial levels, and to limit the increase to 1.5 °C, since this would substantially reduce the risks and effects of climate change. It is not enough for states to sign this type of act, they need to take active steps to implement them and achieve the set goals. Energy, green construction, resource saving, educating the population, new and advanced teaching methods - all that is required for any global setup to be locally addressed. Now, we are in a situation where the exchange of transnational experience and knowledge is an important stage in solving energy efficiency issues through the education prism. This article will provide an analysis of the experience of four countries in the field of green construction.
  • Publication
    METHODOLOGY FOR AUTOMATIC DETERMINATION OF CONTRAST OF LASER MARKING FOR DIFFERENT MATERIALS
    A new methodology for determining and optimizing the contrast of the technological laser marking process has been developed. It can evaluate the quality of the markings regardless of the type of material and the type of laser system. To perform the test analysis, a specialized test field is programmed, which including the change of two of the main parameters influencing the marking process: the linear energy density (LED) and the linear density of the pulses (LDI). Marking of a test field consisting of squares of a certain size is done by means of a raster marking method with a constant step between the lines. The results are processed with a digital camera and specialized software. The maximum blackening is compared with the background of all fields and is juxtaposed with the effective energy needed to obtain a certain contrast. Several consecutive iterations are made, with each of the following experiments excluding the variants with least contrast. Thus, the study consistently brings the result to a minimum working area of the basic technological parameters, providing the user's desired contrast of the marking. The developed author's method of automatically determining the contrast of the laser marking reduces the time for preliminary experimental research and gives a reliable and subjectively absent way of qualitatively marking different types of industrial products.
    Scopus© Citations 6
  • Publication
    COLOR MARKING OF STAINLESS STEEL AND TITANIUM WITH THE LASER OXIDATION METHOD
    (2023)
    Petar Tsvyatkov
    ;
    Emil Yankov
    ;
    ; ;
    Marking of metal products is essential in many industrial processes. It is mandatory for the finished products according to regulations of the European and world legislation. Traditional marking usually creates contrasting symbols that can easily be erased and forged.In recent years, a new method for product identification has appeared - color marking. One of the advantages of this method is that it is difficult to counterfeit. This article aims to present the progress of color marking technology on two types of materials. Three groups of factors have been analyzed: the laser source; the technological process; material properties. Their role in obtaining a specific color marking on Ti and AISI 304 is shown. The results are presented in tables. Each color can be repeated only with strict observance of the three groups of factors.
  • Publication
    LABORATORY EXERCISE TO DETERMINE CONTRAST IN LASER MARKING OF ARTICLES
    (2019) ; ; ;
    Pavel Cacivkin
    ;
    Nikolay Angelov
    ;
    Tsanko Karadzhov
    The laser marking has been established in recent years as one of the modern innovative methods for marking many industrial products. The report examines a new laboratory exercise for the subject Laser Technology, studied in some technical universities. A new approach is proposed to determine the contrast of the laser marking process. Described is the purpose and the main tasks as well as the new skills and knowledge that students can exercise through this laboratory exercise. Students implement a test matrix consisting of squares of a certain size using the raster marking method. Through the new laboratory exercise, students can explore and analyze the dependencies of the contrast of laser markings on different dimensions influencing the technological process. The capabilities of the new approach allow learners to become more familiar with the factors that influence the modern process of laser marking widely used in modern industry. The results of the experiments the students summarize using a new modern digital approach to analyze the contrast against the background of the marked surface. From the experimental graphical dependencies of the variation of the power and speed contrast, they draw conclusions about the optimal process parameters.