Now showing 1 - 6 of 6
  • Publication
    COLOR MARKING OF STAINLESS STEEL AND TITANIUM WITH THE LASER OXIDATION METHOD
    (2023)
    Petar Tsvyatkov
    ;
    Emil Yankov
    ;
    ; ;
    Marking of metal products is essential in many industrial processes. It is mandatory for the finished products according to regulations of the European and world legislation. Traditional marking usually creates contrasting symbols that can easily be erased and forged.In recent years, a new method for product identification has appeared - color marking. One of the advantages of this method is that it is difficult to counterfeit. This article aims to present the progress of color marking technology on two types of materials. Three groups of factors have been analyzed: the laser source; the technological process; material properties. Their role in obtaining a specific color marking on Ti and AISI 304 is shown. The results are presented in tables. Each color can be repeated only with strict observance of the three groups of factors.
  • Publication
    Modification of the roughness of 304 stainless steel by laser surface texturing (LST)
    (2023) ; ;
    Nikolay Angelov
    ;
    Emil Yankov
    Surface texturing is one of the most effective approaches to modifying the surface to improve many properties: tribological, corrosion resistance, microhardness and others characteristics of a number of engineering materials. Among the surface texturing techniques developed in recent years, the most widely used method is the laser surface texturing method (LST) due to its high flexibility, superior texturing accuracy and good process controllability and reproducibility. With its rapid development, LST has attracted considerable attention in various industries such as automotive, biomedical and aerospace. The present study considers the changes in roughness in different modes of laser texturing of stainless steel specimens 304. The effects and role of individual laser parameters on the change in roughness are analyzed as a main characteristic of the surface properties of the processed material. Heating and its surface melting is one of the studied effects and its role in changing the roughness. The focus of the study is on the process of laser–material interaction as a function of absorbed energy density, pulse frequency, scan rate, and overlap coefficients leading to different effects of LST parameters. It has been found that increasing the energy density, accompanied by a decrease in the frequency and speed of scanning, can increase the surface roughness.
    Scopus© Citations 3
  • Publication
    INVESTIGATION OF THE INFLUENCE OF TECHNOLOGICAL PARAMETERS OF LASER MARKING ON THE DEGREE OF CONTRAST
    (2023)
    Petar Tsvyatkov
    ;
    Emil Yankov
    ;
    ; ;
    In modern production, each finished product entering the market is identified by a special marking. Each mark must meet requirements such as good coding, easy to see, easy to read by certain readers, stable over time, etc. In the present casting, laser marking of the C75 steel was carried out with a fiber laser with an average power of P = 30 W and a wavelength of λ = 1064 nm. For semi-contrast marking, marking speeds from 100 mm/s to 700 mm/s, average power from 10 to 30 W, raster pitch from 20 µm to 60 µm, scanning frequency from 20 kHz to 150 kHz were investigated as constant parameters are the pulse duration τ =100 ns, number of repetitions N = 1 and defocus Δ f = 0 mm. The influence of the changing parameters on the contrast was established, and experimental dependences were constructed. The achieved research results show that to obtain a high contrast mark, the average power should be above 20 W, the scanning speed up to 300 mm/s, the scanning frequency up to 50 kHz and the raster pitch up to 40 µm.
  • Publication
    INVESTIGATION OF SURFACE ROUGHNESS OF CARBON STEEL MACHINED PARTS AFTER NANOSECOND FIBER LASER MARKING
    (2023)
    Petar Tsvyatkov
    ;
    Emil Yankov
    ;
    ; ;
    Laser marking with a nanosecond fiber laser is one of the most common ways to permanently mark various engineering materials. The roughness of the machined surface and its observation is essential to evaluate the impact on the contrast of the marking as well. Experimental studies of the roughness obtained as a result of the laser marking, were inspected using a 3D measuring laser microscope OLYMPUS LEXT OLS5100. Analysis of the graphical dependence of the roughness function on the four process parameters: laser power, frequency, speed of marking and step.
  • Publication
    Investigation of Surface Structure in the Laser Marking Process as a Function of Speed and Raster Step
    In this research, an experiment was conducted to change the technological properties of the surface by laser marking. The influence of the speed v of 50 mm/s, 75 mm/s and 100 mm/s and the raster step Δx from 20 µm to 80 µm at a constant average power P = 19.2 W and pulse duration τ = 4 ns was investigated. These parameters during the laser marking of AISI 304L steel have a significant change in microhardness and surface roughness. High hardness was found to be achieved at higher powers and small pitch. Analysis of the results showed that as the raster step increases, the roughness of the marked sample decreases. The effect of linear energy density and overlap factor on the process was also investigated. The microhardness of the machined surfaces increases with an increase in the linear energy density and the overlap coefficient, in the first case the dependence is almost linear, and in the second - nonlinear. Varying the marking speed and raster pitch in laser surface texturing of AISI 304L steel has a significant effect on the surface hardness and roughness, changing HV from 260 HV to 766.5 HV and Ra from 1.75 µm to 4.3 µm, respectively, which are the subject of the present analysis. research.