Now showing 1 - 4 of 4
  • Publication
    In this paper we study diffusion and convection filtration problem of one substance through the pores of a porous material which may absorb and immobilize some of the diffusing substances. As an example we consider round cylinder with filtration process in the axial direction. The cylinder is filled with sorbent i.e. absorbent material that passed through dirty water or liquid solutions. We can derive the system of two partial differential equations (PDEs). One equation is expressing the rate of change of concentration of water in the pores of the sorbent and the other - the rate of change of concentration in the sorbent or kinetically equation for absorption. The approximation of corresponding initial boundary value problem of the system of PDEs is based on the conservative averaging method (CAM). This procedure allows reducing the 2-D axis-symmetrical mass transfer problem described by a system of PDEs to initial value problem for a system of ordinary differential equations (ODEs) of the first order.
  • Publication
    The Mathematical Modeling of Metals Mass Transfer in Three Layer Peat Blocks
    The mathematical model for calculation of concentration of metals for 3 layers peat blocks is developed due to solving the 3-D boundary-value problem in multilayered domain-averaging and finite difference methods are considered. As an example, mathematical models for calculation of Fe and Ca concentrations have been analyzed.
  • Publication
    The analytical solution of the 3D model with Robin's boundary conditions for 2 peat layers
    In this paper we consider averaging methods for solving the 3-D boundary value problem in domain containing 2 layers of the peat block. We consider the metal concentration in the peat blocks. Using experimental data the mathematical model for calculation of concentration of metal in different points in every peat layer is developed. A specific feature of these problems is that it is necessary to solve the 3-D boundary-value problems for elliptic type partial differential equations of second order with piece-wise diffusion coefficients in every direction and peat layers. The special parabolic and exponential spline, which interpolation middle integral values of piece-wise smooth function, are considered. With the help of this splines is reduce the problems of mathematical physics in 3-D with piece-wise coefficients to respect one coordinate to problems for system of equations in 2-D. This procedure allows reduce the 3-D problem to a problem of 2-D and 1-D problems and the solution of the approximated problem is obtained analytically. The solution of corresponding averaged 2-D initial-boundary value problem is obtained also numerically, using for approach differential equations the discretization in space applying the central differences. The approximation of the 2-D non-stationary problem is based on the implicit finite-difference and alternating direction (ADI) methods. The numerical solution is compared with the analytical solution.
    Scopus© Citations 3
  • Publication
    Metals deposition in peat can aid to evaluate impact of atmospheric or wastewaters pollution and thus can be a good indicator of recent and historical changes in the pollution loading. For peat using in agriculture, industrial, heat production etc. knowledge of peat metals content is important. Experimental determination of metals in peat is very long and expensive work. Using experimental data the mathematical model for calculation of concentrations of metals in different points for different layers is developed. The values of the metals (Ca, Mg, Fe, Sr, Cu, Zn, Mn, Pb, Cr, Ni, Se, Co, Cd, V, Mo) concentrations in different layers in peat taken from Knavu peat bog from four sites are determined using inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometer. Mathematical model for calculation of concentrations of metal has been described in the paper. As an example, mathematical models for calculation of Pb concentrations have been analyzed.
    Scopus© Citations 1