Now showing 1 - 4 of 4
  • Publication
    Effect of Laser Marking Speed, Power and Pitch on Hardness and Roughness of Aisi 304l
    In this study, an experiment was conducted to change the technological properties of the surface by infra-red laser marking. The influence of power, speed and raster step was investigated. These parameters during laser marking of AISI 304L steel have a significant change on the microhardness and surface roughness. It was found that high stiffness is achieved at higher powers and small pitch. An analysis of the results showed that as the raster step increases, the roughness of the marked sample decreases. The influence of linear energy density and overlap factor on the process was also investigated. The microhardness of the treated surfaces increases with an increase in the linear energy density and the overlap coefficient, and in the first case the dependence is almost linear, and in the second - non-linear.
  • Publication
    INVESTIGATION OF SURFACE ROUGHNESS OF CARBON STEEL MACHINED PARTS AFTER NANOSECOND FIBER LASER MARKING
    (2023)
    Petar Tsvyatkov
    ;
    Emil Yankov
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    ; ;
    Laser marking with a nanosecond fiber laser is one of the most common ways to permanently mark various engineering materials. The roughness of the machined surface and its observation is essential to evaluate the impact on the contrast of the marking as well. Experimental studies of the roughness obtained as a result of the laser marking, were inspected using a 3D measuring laser microscope OLYMPUS LEXT OLS5100. Analysis of the graphical dependence of the roughness function on the four process parameters: laser power, frequency, speed of marking and step.
  • Publication
    Investigation of the Influence of Some Parameters on the Process of Color Laser Marking
    (2023)
    Emil Yankov
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    ; ;
    Nikolay Angelov
    The research and development of laser marking technology offers numerous advantages and applications in a variety of industries, from manufacturing and electronics to healthcare and beyond. In industries such as aerospace and automotive, where components must adhere to strict regulatory standards, laser marking can provide the necessary traceability and compliance. Investing in its research and development improves precision, efficiency and innovation, ultimately contributing to advancements in various sectors and driving economic growth.For this purpose, various surface treatment methods are being studied, including laser marking. As can be seen from our previous studies and those of other authors, laser marking of steel surfaces is a complex process and depends on the complex relationships between a number of technological parameters. In this study, we focus on the influence of four of them (parameters: processing speed, laser pulse frequency, pitch between raster lines during laser processing and energy density). During the experiments, the raster step was varied in the range of 20 µm to 80 µm, the velocity was in the range of 25 mm/s to 125 mm/s, and the density was in the range of 5.82 J/mm2 to 29.12 J/mm2. The experiments were done for three frequencies - 20 kHz, 50 kHz and 100 kHz. All these intervals can be realized in the real production. The change of the four investigated parameters was analyzed in relation to the obtained roughness in the processing zone as a function of these four technological parameters and was compared with the corresponding color coordinates of the obtained color markings in these zones. It has been proven that each specific color is associated with surface structural changes as a result of the interaction between laser radiation with a certain laser energy density and the processed material. The present study is a small contribution to the topic of laser color marking of various materials, enabling the production of new surface properties.
  • Publication
    RESEARCH OF CARBON FIBER MATERIAL LASERCUT OPTIMIZATION
    The report considers the possibility of using laser technology for cutting products from carbon fiber. The study uses a fiber laser with a wavelength of 1080 ±10nm. The dependences of the width b of the cutting lines on power density q and processing speed v are considered. As a result of experimental studies, power density and speed parameters were optimized for high-quality cutting of the carbon fiber.