Now showing 1 - 7 of 7
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SPECIAL SPLINE APPROXIMATION FOR THE SOLUTION OF THE NON-STATIONARY 3-D MASS TRANSFER PROBLEM

2021, Kangro, Ilmārs, Harijs Kalis, Teirumnieka, Ērika, Teirumnieks, Edmunds

In this paper we consider the conservative averaging method (CAM) with special spline approximation for solving the non-stationary 3-D mass transfer problem. The special hyperbolic type spline, which interpolates the middle integral values of piece-wise smooth function is used. With the help of these splines the initial-boundary value problem (IBVP) of mathematical physics in 3-D domain with respect to one coordinate is reduced to problems for system of equations in 2-D domain. This procedure allows reduce also the 2-D problem to a 1-D problem and thus the solution of the approximated problem can be obtained analytically. The accuracy of the approximated solution for the special 1-D IBVP is compared with the exact solution of the studied problem obtained with the Fourier series method. The numerical solution is compared with the spline solution. The above-mentioned method has extensive physical applications, related to mass and heat transfer problems in 3-D domains.

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THE MATHEMATICAL MODELING OF METALS CONTENT IN PEAT

2015, Teirumnieks, Edmunds, Teirumnieka, Ērika, Kangro, Ilmārs, Harijs Kalis

Metals deposition in peat can aid to evaluate impact of atmospheric or wastewaters pollution and thus can be a good indicator of recent and historical changes in the pollution loading. For peat using in agriculture, industrial, heat production etc. knowledge of peat metals content is important. Experimental determination of metals in peat is very long and expensive work. Using experimental data the mathematical model for calculation of concentrations of metals in different points for different layers is developed. The values of the metals (Ca, Mg, Fe, Sr, Cu, Zn, Mn, Pb, Cr, Ni, Se, Co, Cd, V, Mo) concentrations in different layers in peat taken from Knavu peat bog from four sites are determined using inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometer. Mathematical model for calculation of concentrations of metal has been described in the paper. As an example, mathematical models for calculation of Pb concentrations have been analyzed.

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The Mathematical Modeling of Metals Mass Transfer in Three Layer Peat Blocks

2015, Teirumnieka, Ērika, Kangro, Ilmārs, Teirumnieks, Edmunds, Harijs Kalis

The mathematical model for calculation of concentration of metals for 3 layers peat blocks is developed due to solving the 3-D boundary-value problem in multilayered domain-averaging and finite difference methods are considered. As an example, mathematical models for calculation of Fe and Ca concentrations have been analyzed.

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ON MATHEMATICAL MODELLING OF THE 2-D FILTRATION PROBLEM IN POROUS AXIAL SYMMETRICAL CYLINDER

2017, Kangro, Ilmārs, Harijs Kalis, Teirumnieka, Ērika, Teirumnieks, Edmunds

In this paper we study diffusion and convection filtration problem of one substance through the pores of a porous material which may absorb and immobilize some of the diffusing substances. As an example we consider round cylinder with filtration process in the axial direction. The cylinder is filled with sorbent i.e. absorbent material that passed through dirty water or liquid solutions. We can derive the system of two partial differential equations (PDEs). One equation is expressing the rate of change of concentration of water in the pores of the sorbent and the other - the rate of change of concentration in the sorbent or kinetically equation for absorption. The approximation of corresponding initial boundary value problem of the system of PDEs is based on the conservative averaging method (CAM). This procedure allows reducing the 2-D axis-symmetrical mass transfer problem described by a system of PDEs to initial value problem for a system of ordinary differential equations (ODEs) of the first order.

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The analytical solution of the 3D model with Robin's boundary conditions for 2 peat layers

2015, Teirumnieka, Ērika, Kangro, Ilmārs, Teirumnieks, Edmunds, Harijs Kalis

In this paper we consider averaging methods for solving the 3-D boundary value problem in domain containing 2 layers of the peat block. We consider the metal concentration in the peat blocks. Using experimental data the mathematical model for calculation of concentration of metal in different points in every peat layer is developed. A specific feature of these problems is that it is necessary to solve the 3-D boundary-value problems for elliptic type partial differential equations of second order with piece-wise diffusion coefficients in every direction and peat layers. The special parabolic and exponential spline, which interpolation middle integral values of piece-wise smooth function, are considered. With the help of this splines is reduce the problems of mathematical physics in 3-D with piece-wise coefficients to respect one coordinate to problems for system of equations in 2-D. This procedure allows reduce the 3-D problem to a problem of 2-D and 1-D problems and the solution of the approximated problem is obtained analytically. The solution of corresponding averaged 2-D initial-boundary value problem is obtained also numerically, using for approach differential equations the discretization in space applying the central differences. The approximation of the 2-D non-stationary problem is based on the implicit finite-difference and alternating direction (ADI) methods. The numerical solution is compared with the analytical solution.

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SPECIAL HPERBOLIC TYPE APPROXIMATION FOR SOLVING OF 3-D TWO LAYER STATIONARY DIFFUSION PROBLEM

2019, Kangro, Ilmārs, Harijs Kalis, Teirumnieka, Ērika, Teirumnieks, Edmunds

In this paper we examine the conservative averaging method (CAM) along the vertical z-coordinate for solving the 3-D boundary-value 2 layers diffusion problem. The special parabolic and hyperbolic type approximation (splines), that interpolate the middle integral values of piece-wise smooth function, is investigated. With the help of these splines the problems of mathematical physics in 3-D with respect to one coordinate are reduced to problems for system of equations in 2-D in every layer. This procedure allows reduce also the 2-D problem to a 1-D problem and the solution of the approximated problem can be obtained analytically. As the practical application of the created mathematical model, we are studying the calculation of the concentration of heavy metal calcium (Ca) in a two-layer peat block.

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ON MATHEMATICAL MODELLING OF METALS DISTRIBUTION IN PEAT LAYERS

2014, Kangro, Ilmārs, Harijs Kalis, Aigars Gedroics, Teirumnieka, Ērika, Teirumnieks, Edmunds

In this paper we consider averaging and finite difference methods for solving the 3-D boundary-value problem in multilayered domain. We consider the metals Fe and Ca concentration in the layered peat blocks. Using experimental data the mathematical model for calculation of concentration of metals in different points in peat layers is developed. A specific feature of these problems is that it is necessary to solve the 3-D boundary-value problems for elliptic type partial differential equations (PDEs) of second order with piece-wise diffusion coefficients in the layered domain. We develop here a finite-difference method for solving of a problem of one, two and three peat blocks with periodical boundary condition in x direction. This procedure allows to reduce the 3-D problem to a system of 2-D problems by using circulant matrix.