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LASER ABLATION OF PAINT COATINGS IN INDUSTRY

2021, Teirumnieks, Edmunds, Lazov, Lyubomir, Nikolay Angelov, Teirumnieka, Ērika, Adijāns, Imants, Antons, Pacejs

A comparison is made between the laser and sandblasting methods for removing paint from industrial facilities. The advantages of laser ablation are discussed. The possibilities of laser paint removal systems - stationary and moving - are shown. The main factors influencing the laser ablation process and the indicators that determine the quality of the obtained surface are systematized. Researchers' publications on this technological process are analyzed.

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Effect of Laser Marking Speed, Power and Pitch on Hardness and Roughness of Aisi 304l

2023, Lazov, Lyubomir, Teirumnieks, Edmunds, Emil Yankov, Nikolay Angelov, Adijāns, Imants, Antons, Pacejs

In this study, an experiment was conducted to change the technological properties of the surface by infra-red laser marking. The influence of power, speed and raster step was investigated. These parameters during laser marking of AISI 304L steel have a significant change on the microhardness and surface roughness. It was found that high stiffness is achieved at higher powers and small pitch. An analysis of the results showed that as the raster step increases, the roughness of the marked sample decreases. The influence of linear energy density and overlap factor on the process was also investigated. The microhardness of the treated surfaces increases with an increase in the linear energy density and the overlap coefficient, and in the first case the dependence is almost linear, and in the second - non-linear.

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Investigation of Surface Structure in the Laser Marking Process as a Function of Speed and Raster Step

2023, Emil Yankov, Lazov, Lyubomir, Teirumnieks, Edmunds, Nikolay Angelov, Adijāns, Imants, Antons, Pacejs

In this research, an experiment was conducted to change the technological properties of the surface by laser marking. The influence of the speed v of 50 mm/s, 75 mm/s and 100 mm/s and the raster step Δx from 20 µm to 80 µm at a constant average power P = 19.2 W and pulse duration τ = 4 ns was investigated. These parameters during the laser marking of AISI 304L steel have a significant change in microhardness and surface roughness. High hardness was found to be achieved at higher powers and small pitch. Analysis of the results showed that as the raster step increases, the roughness of the marked sample decreases. The effect of linear energy density and overlap factor on the process was also investigated. The microhardness of the machined surfaces increases with an increase in the linear energy density and the overlap coefficient, in the first case the dependence is almost linear, and in the second - nonlinear. Varying the marking speed and raster pitch in laser surface texturing of AISI 304L steel has a significant effect on the surface hardness and roughness, changing HV from 260 HV to 766.5 HV and Ra from 1.75 µm to 4.3 µm, respectively, which are the subject of the present analysis. research.

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Modification of Aluminum 1050 and 2219 Alloys Using CuBr Nanosecond Laser for Hydrophobic and Hydrophilic Properties

2023, Antons, Pacejs, Emil Yankov, Adijāns, Imants, Teirumnieks, Edmunds, Lazov, Lyubomir

This study investigates the use of a CuBr vapor nanosecond laser with a 510 nm/578.2 nm wavelength for the surface treatment of 1050 aluminum and 2219 aluminum alloys. Laser-induced periodic surface structuring was used to optimize processing parameters to achieve hydrophobic and hydrophilic properties on the surface. The wetting properties were measured and the roughness results (Ra, Rz, Rq) evaluated. Prior to and after laser treatment, surface wetting and roughness changes were investigated. The wetting study showed that the maximum contact angle between a droplet of deionized water and the treated surface can be reached between more than 140 degrees and less than 10 degrees, which, respectively, is a superhydrophobic and superhydrophilic surface. Compared with the untreated surface, wetting increased by more than 2 times and decreased by more than 8 times. Overall, experiments show the dependence of wetting properties on laser input parameters such as scan speed and scan line distance with different delivered energy amounts. This study demonstrates the possibility of laser parameter optimizations which do not require auxiliary gases and additional processing of the resulting surfaces to obtain different wetting properties on the surface. The findings described in this article suggest that the CuBr laser surface treatment method is a promising method for industrial applications where surfaces with special wetting and roughness properties are required, for example, the laser marking of the serial number of parts used in wet environments such as aerospace, shipbuilding, and defense industries.