Now showing 1 - 10 of 52
  • Publication
    LASER ABLATION OF PAINT COATINGS IN INDUSTRY
    A comparison is made between the laser and sandblasting methods for removing paint from industrial facilities. The advantages of laser ablation are discussed. The possibilities of laser paint removal systems - stationary and moving - are shown. The main factors influencing the laser ablation process and the indicators that determine the quality of the obtained surface are systematized. Researchers' publications on this technological process are analyzed.
  • Publication
    Finite element modeling of laser aluminum marking
    (2021) ;
    N Angelov
    ;
    I Draganov
    ;
    A Atanasov
    ;
    A Lengerov
    ;
    ;
    I Balchev
    This work makes use of the finite element model, whose results are validated by experiments. The effect is discussed of the speed on the laser marking process. Numerical experiments are performed to determine the temperature fields produced by laser pulses on samples of aluminum, a material with wide industrial uses. The numerical calculations are performed for the cases of a fiber laser and a CuBr laser. Plots are drawn of the temperature dependence on the speed for two power densities for both lasers. Preliminary working speed intervals are determined for the power densities used.
    Scopus© Citations 1
  • Publication
    Artificial Neural Networks: What Can They Learn about Color Laser Marking?
    (2018)
    Pavels Cacivkins
    ;
    ; ;
    Martins Sperga
    ;
    Ingus Dilevka
    ;
    Artis Vitins
    Scopus© Citations 1
  • Publication
    PRELIMINARY NUMERICAL ANALYSIS FOR THE ROLE OF SPEED ONTO LASER TECHNOLOGICAL PROCESSES
    Studying the impact of speed on a number of laser processes such as marking, engraving, cutting, welding and others is crucial for the optimization of these technological processes. The processing speed, along with the frequency of laser pulses and their duration, also determines the time of action in the processing area and hence the absorbed quantity of electromagnetic energy. Based on numerical experiments with specialized software TEMPERATURFELD3D, the report analyzes the temperature variation in the processing area as a function of speed. The researches were analyzed for processing with two types of lasers emitting in the visible and infrared areas of the electromagnetic spectrum and two types of steels (tool and structural). From the course of the obtained temperature fields the dependence of temperature on the speed at two power densities was obtained. The obtained results help to make a preliminary assessment the speed work intervals for the processes as laser marking, laser engraving, laser cutting, laser welding and others. In this way, it is assisted in building an optimal concept for the passing of a particular technological process in function of the laser source, the material and the type of the technological operation.
    Scopus© Citations 13
  • Publication
    SPECIAL SPLINE APPROXIMATION FOR THE SOLUTION OF THE NON-STATIONARY 3-D MASS TRANSFER PROBLEM
    In this paper we consider the conservative averaging method (CAM) with special spline approximation for solving the non-stationary 3-D mass transfer problem. The special hyperbolic type spline, which interpolates the middle integral values of piece-wise smooth function is used. With the help of these splines the initial-boundary value problem (IBVP) of mathematical physics in 3-D domain with respect to one coordinate is reduced to problems for system of equations in 2-D domain. This procedure allows reduce also the 2-D problem to a 1-D problem and thus the solution of the approximated problem can be obtained analytically. The accuracy of the approximated solution for the special 1-D IBVP is compared with the exact solution of the studied problem obtained with the Fourier series method. The numerical solution is compared with the spline solution. The above-mentioned method has extensive physical applications, related to mass and heat transfer problems in 3-D domains.
  • Publication
    Antibacterial and anti-viral effects of silver nanoparticles in medicine against COVID-19—a review
    (2020) ;
    Ivaylo Balchev
    ;
    Risham Singh Ghalot
    ;
    The article reviews the research on disinfecting the air through air filters and ventilation systems using silver nanoparticles (Ag NPs) (encouraged from the present situation of COVID-19) focusing on stopping the spreading of deadly viruses. The primary goal of the research is to demonstrate possible antiviral Ag NP formulations to be delivered by inhalation, to minimize the worsening of respiratory system infections. The basic design of the study includes a bibliometric analysis of the study of the effect of Ag NPs on the disinfection of viral infections. The research will discuss the idea of the use of laser ablation with Ag NPs for antiviral and antibacterial effects. The research article results in compelling evidence for the use of Ag NPs for medicinal purposes for infectious diseases/viruses and will contribute to the progress of medical science to protect healthcare workers from dangerous viruses at medical institutions. Practically, the research will generate a sterile system, which might be employed by every public or private institution economically with Ag NPs (because of their antimicrobial properties).
    Scopus© Citations 25
  • Publication
    Analyze of Leachate Composition in the Dumpsites of East-Latgale Region
    (2016-12-10) ;
    Ē. Abricka
    There are are 28 working or closed but not recultivated municipal solid waste dumpsites in East-Latgale now. A number of these dumpsites are situated near lakes, rivers, in old mineral quarries etc [3, 6]. All these dumpsites pollute groundwater, soil and present danger for human health. One of the dangerous factors is leachate which is generated in these dumpsites and which pollutes groundwate, soil and drinking water. The analysis of leachate sample chemical content in the biggest East-Latgale dumpsites “Ritini”, “Zvirgzdene”, “Zelceva” and “Mostovaja” has been done in 2002. The content of leachate depends on content of waste, dumpsite management etc. The most polluted leachate is in the biggest dumpsites of region – “Ritini” and “Zvirgzdene”. These are city dumpsites (Rezekne and Ludza). Significantly less polluted leachate is found in the dumpsites “Zelceva” and “Mostovaja”. This is valid for all analyzed parameters – COD, conductivity, Ntot., NH4 + and Cl.
  • Publication
    COLOR MARKING OF STAINLESS STEEL AND TITANIUM WITH THE LASER OXIDATION METHOD
    (2023)
    Petar Tsvyatkov
    ;
    Emil Yankov
    ;
    ; ;
    Marking of metal products is essential in many industrial processes. It is mandatory for the finished products according to regulations of the European and world legislation. Traditional marking usually creates contrasting symbols that can easily be erased and forged.In recent years, a new method for product identification has appeared - color marking. One of the advantages of this method is that it is difficult to counterfeit. This article aims to present the progress of color marking technology on two types of materials. Three groups of factors have been analyzed: the laser source; the technological process; material properties. Their role in obtaining a specific color marking on Ti and AISI 304 is shown. The results are presented in tables. Each color can be repeated only with strict observance of the three groups of factors.